Costa Rica is a rare and diverse tropical realm where nature will always reign. This tiny country that represents only .01% of the earth’s landmass is home to an astonishing 5% of its wildlife. Imagine dwelling among 205 species of mammals, 2,000 types of moths and butterflies, more than 10,000 species of plant life, and one-tenth of all known bird species in the world.
The living sloths are omnivores. They may eat insects, small lizards, and carrion, but their diet consists mostly of buds, tender shoots, and leaves, mainly of Cecropia trees.
Named for their throaty howls that can be heard for up to three miles, howler monkeys are the loudest of all New World monkeys. There are nine species of howler monkey, and Costa Rica is home to the common mantled howler, which inhabit parts of southern Mexico, Central and South America.
All the oropendolas are large birds with pointed bills, and long tails which are always at least partially bright yellow. Males are usually larger than females.
Tapirs are large browsing mammals, roughly pig-like in shape, with short, prehensile snouts. For the most part, tapirs are likely to avoid confrontation in favor of running from predators, hiding, or, if possible, submerging themselves in nearby water until a threat is gone.
The coati s a member of the raccoon family a diurnal mammal native to South, Central and south-western North America.
The scarlet macaw is a member of the parrot family and is native to parts of Central and South America.
The Jaguar is Costa Rica's only “big cat.” It can grow to over two meters in length and weigh up to 250 pounds. They are a very threatened species due to habitat loss and illegal hunting. The Jaguar is primarily found in reserves and national parks where they are more protected.
The word “toucan” comes from the sound the bird makes. Their songs often resemble croaking frogs. Toucans combine their extensive vocal calls with tapping and clattering sounds from their bill. Many toucan species make barking, croaking, and growling sounds, and mountain toucans make braying sounds like those of a donkey. Females generally have a higher voice than the males.
Here's a great video showing some of the sights and sounds of Costa Rica!